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What is Oligospermia

Oligospermia-Low Sperm Count

While oligospermia can reduce the chances that a sperm will fertilize an egg and increase the likelihood of it happening, it doesn’t completely eliminate the possibility of natural conception. You and your partner will be able to conceive a child if there is enough sperm in your body.

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Many men with oligospermia can father children. 

Oligospermia, a condition that affects male fertility, is characterized by a low number of sperm. This condition can also affect the sexual health and well-being of men. This condition can also affect the ability to erect and produce ejaculation during orgasm. Your sperm count can fluctuate throughout your lifetime. Fertility is dependent on a healthy level of sperm. The World Health Organization (WHO), considers sperm counts above 15 million sperm/mL of semen to be an average. Any lower than that level is classified as Oligospermia.

  • Mild oligospermia can have 10 to 15 million sperm/mL.
  • Moderate Oligospermia refers to 5-10 million sperm/mL.
  • If sperm counts fall below 0 to 5 million per hour, it is called severe oligospermia.

It is not known how many men have low levels of sperm in their semen. It is not possible to diagnose everyone suffering from the condition. Men who are having difficulty conceiving naturally may only be diagnosed.


Oligospermia can be caused by a variety of lifestyle and medical factors.

  • Varicocele

An increase in blood flow to the testicles can be caused by enlarged veins in the scrotum. This can lead to an increase in temperature within the testicles. Temperature increases can have a negative impact on sperm production. This common problem affects about 40% of men who have low sperm counts or poor sperm quality. Learn more about varicocele.

  • Infection

Viruses such as sexually transmitted infections may reduce the amount of sperm in your sperm.

  • Problems with Ejaculation

Many men with Oligospermia experience typical ejaculations. However, there are some issues that may affect sperm count. Retrograde Ejaculation can be a problem. This happens when semen enters the bladder from the tip instead of leaving the penis.

The following are some other things that could interfere with ejaculation:

  1. Injuries
  2. Tumors
  3. Cancer
  4. Past surgeries
  5. Medications
  6. Ejaculation problems can be caused by beta-blockers, blood pressure medications, and antibiotics.
  • Hormone issues

Multiple hormones are produced by the brain and testicles. They are responsible for ejaculation as well as sperm formation. A decrease in any one of these hormones can result in a lower number of sperm counts.

  • Exposition to metals and chemicals

There are many chemicals that can lower sperm count, including pesticides, cleaning products, and paint materials. This problem can also be caused by exposure to heavy metals such as lead.

  • Testicles that are too hot

Overheating can be caused by sitting a lot, placing laptops on your genitals, and wearing tight clothes. Temporarily, a rise in the temperature around your testicles could reduce sperm production. Long-term complications are unknown.

  • Use of drugs and alcohol

Some substances, such as marijuana and cocaine can reduce sperm count. The same goes for excessive drinking. Smoking cigarettes can result in lower sperm counts for men than those who don’t.

  • Obesity

In many ways, being overweight or obese can increase your risk of low sperm counts. Excess weight can reduce the amount of sperm you can produce. Hormone production may be affected by weight problems.

How does Oligospermia influence fertility?

Even though their sperm count is lower, some men with oligospermia are still able to conceive. However, fertility may be more difficult. It might take more effort than couples who have not had a fertility problem. Others with oligospermia might have no problems with conception, despite low sperm counts.

Oligospermia can also increase the risk of other fertility problems. This includes sperm-motility issues.

Sperm motility is the amount of sperm that are “active” in a man’s semen. The normal activity allows sperm to swim towards an egg to fertilize easily. Abnormal motility could mean that the sperm aren’t moving enough to reach eggs. The sperm might also be unable to reach an egg because they may move in an unpredictable pattern.

Home Remedies

These techniques may help oligospermia men to have a better chance of conception.

  • Get more sex

If you are trying to have children, increasing the frequency of your intercourse can increase your chances of success, especially when your partner is ovulating. Your chances of conception can be increased by timing sex to the ovulation. To have a successful conception, you should consult your partner’s doctor.

  • Use no lubricants

Certain oils and lubricants can decrease sperm motility and may prevent sperm from reaching an egg. Talk to your doctor if lubricant is necessary.

  • Treatment

The treatment can increase sperm quality and number. These treatments include:

  • Surgery

Varicocele can often be treated with surgery. Your doctor will then close the enlarged veins. 

  • Medication

Inflammation and infections can be treated with medications, which include antibiotics. Although treatment may not increase sperm counts, it can prevent a greater drop in sperm count.

  • Lifestyle changes

Maintaining a healthy weight can improve sperm count. To improve sperm quality, you should also stop using alcohol, tobacco, and drugs.

  • Hormone treatment

Hormones can be restored to a healthy level with a variety of medication, injections, and lifestyle changes. Sperm numbers can improve when hormone levels are restored.

  • Assistance with reproduction

You and your partner may be able to work with our fertility specialist if you are still not able to get pregnant.

  • Outlook

Low sperm counts can reduce your chances of conceiving naturally with your partner. They don’t necessarily rule out the possibility. Many men with oligospermia can fertilize their partner’s egg, even though they have lower sperm counts.

Ask our doctor for strategies or techniques that can increase your chances of conception.

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